An equally legendary and sophisticated motorcycle concept celebrates its milestone anniversary in 2020: the BMW GS models turn 40. In autumn 1980, BMW Motorrad presented the R 80 G / S, a motorcycle that for the first time combined two very special areas of application: off-road and off-road. With the unique combination of road, touring and off-road suitability – without sacrificing everyday use – the R 80 G / S became the conceptual pioneer of the motorcycle category of travel enduros newly created by BMW Motorrad. And more: the BMW GS models became the successful synonym for the perfect partner on two wheels to explore even the most remote corners of our planet. To date, BMW Motorrad has delivered over 1.2 million BMW GS models to customers.
Legendary BMW GS talents: driving dynamics, off-road expertise, comfort and robustness.
But the BMW GS wasn’t just tailored for motorcycle adventures right from the start; the R 80 G / S and its descendants also quickly demonstrated their qualities in racing. In 1981 Hubert Auriol won the equally prestigious and challenging Paris – Dakar Rally. Just one of the many motorsport successes that BMW Motorrad was able to celebrate with a GS. The outstanding talents of the Boxer GS models -Driving dynamics, off-road competence, comfort and robustness – have been maintained and developed by BMW Motorrad over the past 40 years and have been successfully transferred to other BMW motorcycle series. In 1993, the F 650 “Funduro” was the first BMW Enduro with a single-cylinder engine to enrich the market. While this motorcycle obtained its dynamic driving qualities from conceptually related weight advantages and the start of the 47 hp single cylinder, the changing of the guard took place at the same time on the BMW GS models with boxer engine.
Innovation driver GS: four-valve technology and Telelever.
With the BMW R 1100 GS, BMW Motorrad not only presented the first GS with a four-valve boxer and 80 hp, but also showed new ways in terms of chassis technology in the field of large travel enduros. For the first time in an Enduro, the engine and transmission acted as load-bearing elements of the chassis, making a main frame superfluous. While the Paralever BMW rear wheel guide had already eliminated the drive reactions of the cardan drive on the models with two-valve boxers, the BMW engineers have now also created an innovative type of front wheel guide with the Telelever. With their brake pitch compensation and extremely sensitive response, they set new standards here. In addition, the new R 1100 GS was the first enduro ever to feature ABS – a safety plus,
The GS models of the F series: Fascination GS for the middle class.
In addition to numerous new and further developments, including the F 650 GS (first single cylinder with electronic fuel injection, catalytic converter and ABS) manufactured in Berlin from 2000, the F 650 GS and F 800 GS models presented in 2007 marked another outstanding milestone in the BMW GS history. With their powerful, high-torque two-cylinder in-line engine and torsion-resistant tubular frame, they interpreted the BMW GS theme in their own, but very typical BMW way. With these new models, BMW Motorrad not only presented the successors to the extremely successful F 650 GS with single-cylinder Engine, but also expanded the enduro range in the middle class.
Further developed DOHC boxer with two overhead camshafts.
Another highlight was set by BMW Motorrad in autumn 2009 with the presentation of the facelifted BMW R 1200 GS. Now equipped with the even more high-revving DOHC boxer with two overhead camshafts per cylinder, it came up with 81 kW / 110 hp and further increased driving dynamics. In the anniversary year 2010, BMW Motorrad honored the 30th birthday of the GS models and their successes with the special models “30 Years GS” of the BMW R 1200 GS, R 1200 GS Adventure, F 800 GS and F 650 GS, painted in the colors of BMW Motorrad Motorsport in series motorcycle construction and motorsport alike.
In autumn 2010, BMW Motorrad continued the success story of the GS models. With the BMW G 650 GS, BMW Motorrad has added another attractive member to the BMW GS family. With its slim, wiry off-road stature, the new single-cylinder enduro looked cheeky, light and adventurous. At the same time, it clearly stood out from its competitors in terms of quality, features and comfort. In combination with its comparatively low weight and low seat height, it embodied the attractive introduction to the passion of motorcycling and the fascinating BMW GS world of experience.